Agua Investigación y agua Ocean Observing System for Climate

Ocean Observing System for Climate

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The sea surface temperatures set by the dynamics of the tropical oceans interact strongly with the tropical atmosphere, affecting winds and patterns of convection and precipitation, coupling back with the ocean dynamics.

Atmospheric teleconnections can also affect conditions over many parts of the globe. The Ocean Observations Panel Climate (OOPC) and the Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM Observations Programme) Area have identified a need to develop tools for system evaluation of the sustained global ocean observing system. Eventually, an important tool for this evaluation will be the use of ocean forecast models and reanalysis models in observing system simulation experiments (OSSE). Another more immediate tool developed experimentally here are ocean climate indices that can be linked to major patterns of climate variability with significant social impact, and estimations of their uncertainty, which give an indication of our ability to measure the ocean. They also provide an at-a-glance overview of the state of the ocean climate, and a way to talk to a wider audience about the ocean observing system.

The Ocean Observations Panel for Climate (OOPC)

The OOPC is a scientific expert advisory group charged with making recommendations for a sustained global ocean observing system for climate in support of the goals of its sponsors. This includes recommendations for phased implementation. The Panel also aids in the development of strategies for evaluation and evolution of the system and of its recommendations, and supports global ocean observing activities by interested parties through liaison and advocacy for the agreed observing plans.

The OOPC is sponsored by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). These in turn are programmes that depend on the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the International Council for Science (ICSU), and for the two observing systems, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM)

The long-term strategic vision of JCOMM is to benefit the global community through international co-ordination activities, the development and recommendation of appropriate technical standards and procedures for a fully integrated marine observing, data management and services system. JCOMM promotes a globally distributed but inter-connected state-of-the-art system based on present and next-generation technologies and capabilities that is responsive to the evolving needs of all users of marine data and products. JCOMM also promotes the implementation of an outreach programme to enhance the national capacity of all maritime countries.